“You are able to know the a bird in most the languages around the globe, however when you are finished, you know practically nothing whatever concerning the bird… So let us consider the bird and find out how it is doing – that is what counts. I learned very the distinction between knowing the something and knowing something.”
Richard Feynman, Physicist and 1965 Nobel Prize laureate (1918-1988)
“You’ve all I dare say heard about your pet spirits and just how they’re transfused from father to boy etcetera – you might take my word that nine parts in ten of the man’s sense or his nonsense, his achievements and miscarriages nowadays rely on their motions and activities, and also the different tracks and trains you place them into, to ensure that when they’re once set a-going, whether wrong or right, away they’re going cluttering like hey-go-mad.”
Lawrence Sterne (1713-1758), “The Existence and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman” (1759)
Someone is recognized as psychologically “ill” if:
His conduct strictly and consistently deviates in the typical, average conduct of others in the society and culture that suit his profile (whether this conventional conduct is moral or rational is immaterial), or
His judgment and grasp of objective, physical the truth is impaired, and
His conduct isn’t a few choice but is innate and irresistible, and
His behavior causes him varieties discomfort, and it is
Structural, self-beating, and self-destructive even by their own yardsticks.
Descriptive criteria aside, what’s the essence of mental disorders? Could they be just physiological disorders from the brain, or, more precisely of their chemistry? If that’s the case, would they be healed by rebuilding the total amount of drugs and secretions for the reason that mysterious organ? And, once equilibrium is reinstated – may be the illness “gone” or perhaps is still it hiding there, “under systems”, waiting to erupt? Are psychological problems inherited, rooted in faulty genes (though amplified by ecological factors) – or introduced on by abusive or wrong nurturance?
These questions would be the domain from the “medical” school of mental health.
Others hang on to the spiritual look at a person psyche. They feel that mental ailments add up to the metaphysical discomposure of the unknown medium – the soul. Their own is really a holistic approach, consuming the individual in their whole, in addition to his milieu.
The people from the functional school regard mental health disorders as perturbations within the proper, statistically “normal”, behaviors and manifestations of “healthy” people, or as complications. The “sick” individual – ill more comfortable with them self (ego-dystonic) or making others unhappy (deviant) – is “mended” when made functional again through the prevailing standards of his social and cultural frame of reference.